There are lots of “500” races, and one of the most famous is the Indianapolis 500 in the United States of America, which has been raced since 1911. The image below is the first winner, Mr. Ray Harroun driving a Marmon “Wasp”.
Robot 5 Racing…
The Indianapolis 500 has walls all around the track, but let us use a strip of silver tape to represent the walls, and see if we can teach our Robot to navigate around the track just using the light sensor to guide it.
Perhaps not 500 laps - we would never get home in time for tea – but what about 2 laps?
Building Our Robot Racer.
Your Robot will have one or more light sensors mounted low on their body. The light sensors will have to be fairly low to allow the sensor to see the light reflected from the track surface. A distance of about 5 mm. to 7 mm. between the bottom of the light sensor and the track is a good starting distance, but experiment and see what sort of distance works best for you.
If your mentor or teacher agrees, any size of robot can be used – the main idea is to have fun learning how to teach your robots to do what you want them to do.
Teaching your Robot Racer.
Think about where you want your Robot Racer to go after it starts. What is the easiest way to instruct your robot to get around the central silver strip? What is the easiest way to teach your robot to stay straight so that it does not run over the arena's silver edge tapes and leave the course? What is the easiest way to teach your robot to go around the course really really fast? Is the easiest way the best way? Is your robot securely built – will it fall apart before finishing five laps?
Robot Race Rules
Typical rules used in Robot Races that use an arena similar to the one shown above, are:-
- Your Robot will start from a “Ready, Set, (loud handclap)”.
- Your Robot has to complete 2 laps of the course, returning to its start line.
- Your Robot can start with its wheels straight on any of the green/yellow lines.
- A maximum of 2 minutes is allowed for each race.
- A Robot has to restart from its original start position if it leaves the course.
- A Robot’s race ends if it falls apart during a race.
However if your mentor or teacher agrees, you can change any of these rules any way you like, you can even make up rules that are completely your own – the main purpose is to have fun while learning about robotics!
If you wanted to have a competition:-
- To complete the runs more quickly, two Robots could run their races at once, starting on opposite sides of the Arena; (it would be a good idea if they went around the race course in the same direction!)
- The best Robot could be the one with the most laps at the end of 2 minutes.
- If the number of laps is the same, the Robot with the shortest time could be judged the best.
- If the best robot can not be decided after a round of two Robot Races, a third race with a 3 minute time limit could be held, with the Robot that covered the most number of laps being the best Robot on the day. If the Robots still cover the same number of laps, then the result is a draw!
But as we said above, feel free to change these rules if your teacher agrees, even make up your own if you like!
Go build your Robot Racer!
Mentor note: A two page Microsoft Word 2003
version of this Challenge can be seen by
Mentor note: A two page Microsoft Word 2003 version of this Challenge can be seen by clicking here.